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Sunday, 24 February 2013

Fluoresence


Fluoresence

When an atomic or molecular system is excited into higher energy state by absorption of energy, it returns back to lower energy state in a time less than 10-5 second and the system is found to glow brightly by 
emitting radiation of longer wavelength.

When ultra violet is incident on certain substance, they emit visible light.

It may be noted that fluorescence exists as long as the fluorescing substance remain exposed to incident ultraviolet light and re-emission of light stops as soon as incident light is cut off. 

Wednesday, 20 February 2013

Fraunhofer lines

Fraunhofer lines

If the solar spectrum is closely examined, it is found that it consists of large number of dark lines. These dark lines in the solar spectrum are called Fraunhofer lines.Solar spectrum is an example of line absorption spectrum.

The central core of the sun is called photosphere which is at a very high temperature of the order of 14 million kelvin. It emits continuous spectrum. The sun's outer layers called chromosphere. this is at a comparatively lower temperature at about 6000 k. It contains various elements in gaseous state.

When light from the central core of the sun passes through sun's atmosphere ,certain wavelengths are absorbed by the elements present in the chromosphere and the spectrum is marked by dark lines.

By comparing the obsorption spectra of various substance with the Fraunhofer lines in the solar spectrum, the elements present in the sun's atmosphere have been identified.

Friday, 15 February 2013

Phosphorescence

Phosphorescence

There are some substance in which the molecules are excited by the obsorption of incident ultra violet light, and they do not return immediately to their original state. The emission of light continues even after the exciting radiation is removed. This type of delayed fluorescence is called phosphorescence.

Tuesday, 12 February 2013

Band obsorption spectrum

Band obsorption spectrum

If white light is allowed to pass through iodine vapour or dilute solution of blood or chlorophyll or through certain solutions of organic and inorganic compounds, dark bands on continuous bright background are obtained. The band absorption spectra are used for making dyes.

Saturday, 9 February 2013

Line absorption spectrum

Line absorption spectrum

When light from the carbon arc is made to pass through sodium vapour and the examined by a spectrometer, a continuous spectrum of carbon arc with two dark lines in the yellow region is obtained.

Wednesday, 6 February 2013

Continuous absorption spectrum

Continuous absorption spectrum

A pure green glass plate when placed in the path of white light, absorbs everything except green and gives continuous absorption spectrum

Friday, 1 February 2013

Absorption Spectra

Absorption Spectra

When the light emitted from a source is made to pass through an absorbing material and then examined with a spectrometer, the obtained spectrum is called absorption spectrum. It is the characteristic of the absorbing substance.
               
               Absorption spectra is also of three types
            
               1. Continuous absorption spectrum

               2. Line absorption spectrum 
              
                   and

               3. Band absorption spectrum